Here are the formulas for calculating motorcycle and automotive performance.
* Many of the formulas use the value of pi which is 3.1415927
* Some formulas contain notation such as ^2 which means "squared" or ^3 which means "cubed"
Formulas for Calculating Performance
Convert between 1/4 mile and 1/8 mile ET's
1/4 mile ET = 1/8 mile ET x 1.5832
1/8 mile ET = 1/4 mile ET / 1.5832
Calculate 1/4 mile ET and MPH from HP and Weight
ET = ((Weight / HP)^.333) * 5.825
MPH = ((HP / Weight)^.333) * 234
Calculate HP From ET and Weight
HP = (Weight / ((ET/5.825)^3))
Calculate HP From MPH and Weight
HP = (((MPH / 234)^3) * Weight)
Calculate 060 Times
T(060) = (2 x vehicle weight/Max. known engine torque) > all raised to the .6 power
Formulas for displacement, bore and stroke
pi/4 = 0.7853982
cylinder volume = pi/4 x bore^2 x stroke
stroke = displacement / (pi/4 x bore^2 x number of cylinders)
Formulas for compression ratio
(CylVolume + ChamberVolume) / ChamberVolume
cylinder volume = pi/4 x bore^2 x stroke
chamber volume = cylinder volume / compression ratio  1.0
displacement ratio = cylinder volume / chamber volume
amount to mill = (new disp. ratio  old disp. ratio / new disp. ratio x old disp. ratio) x stroke
Formulas for piston speed
piston speed in fpm = stroke in inches x rpm / 6
rpm = piston speed in fpm x 6 / stroke in inches
Formulas for brake horsepower
horsepower = rpm x torque / 5252
torque = 5252 x horsepower / rpm
brake specific fuel consumption = fuel pounds per hour / brake horsepower
bhp loss = elevation in feet / 1000 x 0.03 x bhp at sea level
Formulas for indicated horsepower & torque
horsepower = mep x displcement x rpm / 792,00
torque = mep x displacement / 150.8
mep = hp x 792,000 / displacement x rpm
mep = hp x 792,000 / displacement x rpm
mechanical efficiency = brake output / indocated output x 100
friction output = indicated output  brake output
taxable horsepower = bore2 x cylinders / 2.5
Formulas for air capacity & volumetric efficiency
theoretical cfm = rpm x displacement / 3456
volumetric efficiency = actual cfm / theoretical cfm x 100
street carb cfm = rpm x displacement / 3456 x 0.85
racing carb cfm = rpm x displacement / 3456 x 1.1
Formulas for tire size & their effect
effective ratio = (old tire diameter / new tire diameter) x original ratio
actual mph = (new tire diameter / old tire diameter) x actual mph
Formulas for g force & weight transfer
drive wheel torque = flywheel torque x first gear x final drive x 0.85
wheel thrust = drive wheel torque / rolling radius
g = wheel thrust / weight
weight transfer = weight x cg height / wheelbase x g
lateral acceleration = 1.227 x raduis / time^2
lateral weight transfer = weight x cg height / wheel track x g
centrufugal force = weight x g
Formulas for shift points
rpm after shift = ratio shift into / ratio shift from x rpm before shift
driveshaft torque = flywheel torque x transmission ratio
Formula for instrument error
actual mph = 3600 / seconds per mile
speedometer error percent = difference between actual and indicated speed / actual speed x 100
indicated distance = odometer reading at finish  odometer reading at start
odometer error percent = difference between actual and indicated distances / actual distance x 100
Formulas for MPH RPM gears & tires
mph = (rpm x tire diameter) / (gear ratio x 336)
rpm = (mph x gear ratio x 336) / tire daimeter
rear gear ratio = (rpm x tire diameter) / (mph x 336) OR = (Tire radius X RPM / 168) / MPH
ideal rear gear ratio = (RPM X Tire Diameter) / (336 X Trap Speed MPH)
tire diameter = (mph x gear ratio x 336) / rpm
tire radius = (mph x gear ratio x 168)/ rpm
Formulas for weight distribution
percent of weight on wheels = weight on wheels / overweight x 100
increased weight on wheels = [ distance of cg from wheels / wheelbase x weight ] + weight
Formulas for center of gravity
cj location behind front wheels = rear wheel weights / overall weight x wheelbase
cg location offcenter to heavy side = track / 2  [ weight on light side / overall weight ] x track
cg height = [ level wheelbase x raised wheelbase x added weight on scale / distance raised ] x overall weight
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